1 - Apartment building from street with no apparent damage.
2 - No number 2 photo at this time.
3 - Collapsed building, split apart. Box nails used, common nails required. Substandard foundation anchor bolts and spaced too far apart.
4 - Building split.
5 - Undersized footings and columns, inadequate column to beam connections, lack of diagonal bracing.
6 - Building collapse. Inadequate columns, lateral bracing and shear walls.
7 - Insufficient fasteners and attachment devices, box nails used instead of code required common nails, no shear walls and lateral bracing, poor construction practices.
8 - Collapsed building piled up and burned.
9 - Inadequate foundation bolts, box nails used instead of (Code Required) common nails.
10 - Hospital - brick construction designed and built to State Earthquake Building Codes. Little damage.
11 - Porch railing failure, lack of horizontal reinforcement.
12 - Stucco (lath & plaster) failure. Lath not installed in accordance with Building Code. Poor workmanship. Code required furring nails not used.
13 - Stucco not adhered to wire reinforcement, furring nails not used. Code violation.
14 - Stucco fell off wall exposing improperly installed building paper, lath, and furring nails not used as required by Code.
15 - More stucco failures. Gap between plaster and wire reinforcement. Wire not furred away from paper as required by Code.
16 - More stucco failures, same conditions.
17 - Building failure. Building racked by earthquake.
18 - Building failure. Wrong size beams, not enough cross bracing.
19 - Building supported on columns, building racked, interior damage.
20 - Covered parking - supported on pipe columns. Building racked.
21 - Covered parking - pipe column and foundation moved about 5 inches.
22 - Art building broken into pieces.
23 - Brick wall failure at floor (diaphragm) line. Building out of plumb.
24 - Partial building collapse.
25 - Improperly installed cement plaster (stucco) wall system. No exterior wall sheathing, lath not furred away from building paper. (See also pictures 12 - 14) Two people killed.
26 - Close-up of (25).
27 - More lack of exterior sheathing, improper building paper and lathing.
28 - Failed 2x diagonal bracing.
29 - More failed stucco. Masonry wall not reinforced or grouted.
30 - Stucco fallen off wall. Building paper, lath and installation do not meet Building Code.
31 - close- up of failed paper, lath and stucco. Wire not imbedded in stucco as required by Code. Not enough and too small size nails.
32 - More failed stucco. Shows wire not imbedded 1/4 inch into stucco per Building Code Requirements.
33 - Building collapse.
34 - Building collapse.
35 - Building collapse. No reinforcing steel at column to floor slab connection. Slabs/walls not connected.
36 - Close-up.
37 - Building collapse. Concrete reinforcement bars installed too close to exterior of concrete member. Parapet wall (above roof) not anchored to building roof structure.
38 - Floor slab collapse. No column/slab reinforcement bars.
39 - Not enough concrete reinforcement. Slab collapse column failure.
40 - Collapsed floor and failed concrete column. Not enough concrete coverage of reinforcing steel.
41 - Collapsed walls, lack of adequate attachment to structure.
42 - Collapsed ceilings and walls.
43 - Collapsed walls, lack of attachment of framing to floors above and below. Concrete nails used instead of concrete drilled in anchors.
44 - Building separation from parking lot.
45 - Earth separation.
46 - Wall movement at 2nd floor line. Stained glass failure.
47 - Wall/slab connection failure.
48 - Brick wall failure at floor (slab) line.
49 - Corner failure inadequate reinforcement stirrups.
50 - Ceiling failure.
51 - Column failure and building collapse.
52 - Column failure and building collapse.
53 - Column failure (close-up).
54 - Insufficient reinforcing.
55 - Column/beam failure.
56 - Pre-cast double T collapse - inadequate attachment.
57 - Pre-cast double T collapse - inadequate attachment.
58 - Pre-cast double T collapse - inadequate attachment.
59 - Pre-cast double T collapse - inadequate attachment.
60 - Concrete failure, misplaced reinforcement.
61 - Pre-cast concrete collapse. Inadequate fastening.
62 - Aircraft hangar.
63 - Partially opened hangar folding door.
64 - hangar exterior wall, diagonal bracing rods.
65 - Diagonal bracing rods pulled through building columns.
66 - Broken brace rod “Hill Washers” (left), new “Hill Washer (right).
67 - New brace rod with “Hill Washer” installed.
68 - Additional column stiffener at diagonal bracing.
69 - Hangar wall moved off foundation. Inadequate foundation bolts.
70 - Partially opened hangar door.
71 - Wood framed offices built inside hangar. Metal (hangar) building moved differently from wood framed construction.
72 - Interior of office building.
73 - Attic insulation “jumped” from between ceiling joists.
74 - Earth movement.
75 - Metal framed building under construction.
76 - Collapsed parapet walls.
77 - Concrete roof tile “jumped” off roof. Inadequate nails and electro galvanized nails used (and failed) instead of hot dipped galvanized.
78 - Earth movement.
79 - Concrete block wall failure. Block not grouted (per Code Requirements).
80 - Concrete wall collapse. Wall not grouted per Code.
81 - Illegal unreinforced concrete masonry wall collapse.
82 - Masonry wall collapse. No reinforcement or grout.
83 - Masonry wall fell off overpass.
84 - Masonry wall fell off overpass (close-up).
85 - Building performed well.
86 - Chimney collapse.
87 - Every chimney in subdivision collapsed. Inadequate reinforcement and attachment to building structure.
88 - More collapsed chimneys.
89 - Chimney (close-up).
90 - Inadequate bracing of masonry to building structure.
91 - Inadequate steel reinforcement.
92 - Landslide.
93 - Small building was at top of hill. Inadequate foundation.
94 - Freeway collapse.
95 - Landslide.
96 - Freeway collapse.
97 - Freeway collapse.
98 - Freeway collapse.
99 - Concrete bench moved onto sidewalk by ground movement.
100 - Two members of Structural Engineers Association of Central California & Nevada. Earth Quake response team.
101 - Earthquake Response team members of American Construction Inspectors Association
102 - California Division of Prisons has set up field kitchens and fed volunteer engineers and inspectors.
103 - Structural inspectors (volunteers) members of SEAOCC/N and ACIA.